Jiu-Jitsu or Yawara can be directly translated with “gentle art” or “science of compliance”. This Japanese martial art is practiced unarmed or with a second weapon was used by the samurai in case of loss of the main weapons (sword, spear, sword, lance) to continue to fight and to defend themselves (self defence). However, it was also practiced by non-aristocratic Japanese.

The objective of Jiu Jitsu (self defence) is to neutralize an attacker as quickly and efficiently as possible – regardless of whether the attacker is armed or even protected by an armour. This can be done by bringing the attacker under control, or finally by the death of the attacker – Jiu Jitsu offers a variety of options and paths. The name suggests that it wins by yielding. Never should force be used against force. The force of the attack should be used against the attacker.

Hence the fundamental principle of Jiu Jitsu is “yielding in order to win.” This principle derives from one of the creation myths of Jiu Jitsu. It is reported that a Japanese doctor, on his field trip to China, received instruction in close combat in various monasteries. He observed that one had to be quite strong to carry out the techniques properly. Back in Japan, on a stormy autumn evening, the doctor saw strong oaks splinter in the storm. The willows beside them, however, moved with the wind and yielded at every blast but swung then back, unharmed. Inspired by this observation, the doctor founded the first Jiu Jitsu school. He called it Yoshin ryu (school willow).

The practical application of the Ju / Jiu-principle thus means always to use the force and the motion of the attacker against him. From the Ju / Jiu-principle it is clearly evident that Jiu Jitsu is a martial art whose sole purpose is self-defense. It includes elements from Karate, Aikido and Judo. Jiu Jitsu is one of the ancient Japanese martial arts and is considered as one of the oldest and most “venerable”.





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